PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters, the world's leader in intelligent information for businesses and professionals, today announced its 2015 Citation Laureates. Having accurately forecast 37 Nobel Prize winners since 2002, the annual study mines scientific research citations within the Web of Science™ —the premier global search and discovery platform for the sciences, social sciences and arts and humanities—to identify the most influential researchers in chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine, and economics who are likely winners of the Nobel Prize now or in the future.
This year's noteworthy nominees include, in chemistry, Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna for the development of the CRISPR/cas 9 method for precision genome editing to identify potential treatments for genetic diseases. In physiology or medicine, Kazutoshi Mori and Peter Walter showed that a mechanism, known as the unfolded protein response acts as cellular "quality control system." In physics, Deborah S. Jin created the first fermionic condensate at ultra-low temperatures, which may find application in precision measurement, quantum computing and superconductors. In economics, Sir Richard R. Blundell advanced the understanding of the impact of policy decisions on labor markets and consumer demand, particularly in how families are affected by adverse economic conditions.
Since 1901, only 17 women have been awarded Nobel Prizes in the sciences. However, the analysis signals a narrowing of this gender gap by identifying a significant growth in female authorship of science's most prominent research. Four of the 2015 Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates inductees are women while between 2002 and 2014 just six women were named to the list.
The 2015 Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates:
PHYSIOLOGY or MEDICINE
Jeffrey I. Gordon
Dr. Robert J. Glaser Distinguished University Professor and Director of the Center of Genome Sciences and Systems Biology, School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO USA
For demonstrating the relationship between the human gut microbiome and physiology, metabolism, and nutrition
Professor, Department of Biophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University
Professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA USA
For independently identifying the mechanism by which unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum are detected and corrected
Alexander Y. Rudensky
Chairman, Immunology Program; Director, Ludwig Center for Cancer Immunotherapy; Tri-Institutional Professor at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, The Rockefeller University and Cornell University; Professor, Gerstner Sloan-Kettering Graduate School; Professor, Weill Graduate School of Medical Sciences of Cornell University; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
New York, NY USA
Shimon Sakaguchi, M.D., Ph.D.
Distinguished Professor, World Premier International Research Center, Immunology Frontier Research Center, Osaka University
Ethan M. Shevach
Chief, Cellular Immunology Section, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Bethesda, MD USA
For their seminal discoveries concerning the nature and function of regulatory T cells and the transcription factor Foxp3
Paul B. Corkum
National Research Council-Canada Research Chair in Attosecond Photonics, University of Ottawa
Ottawa, ON CANADA
Director at Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, and Chair of Experimental Physics,
Faculty of Physics, at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Garching GERMANY and Munich, GERMANY
For contributions to the development of attosecond physics
Deborah S. Jin
Fellow, JILA, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Adjoint Professor of Physics, University of Colorado Boulder
Boulder, CO USA
For pioneering research on atomic gases at ultra-cold temperatures and the creation of the first fermionic condensate
Zhong Lin Wang
Regent's Professor, Hightower Chair in Materials Science and Engineering, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta, GA USA
For his invention of piezotronic and piezophototronic nanogenerators
Carolyn R. Bertozzi
Ann T. and Robert M. Bass Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Chemical & Systems Biology and Radiology at Stanford University and Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Stanford, CA USA
For foundational contributions to bioorthogonal chemistry
Associate Professor, Laboratory for Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS, Swedish Node of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory [EMBL] Partnership for Molecular Medicine), Umeå University, Umeå, SWEDEN; Professor, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, GERMANY; and, Head, Department Regulation in Infection Biology, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research
Jennifer A. Doudna
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology and of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley
Berkeley, CA USA
For the development of the CRISPR-cas9 method for genome editing
John B. Goodenough
Virginia H. Cockrell Centennial Chair in Engineering, University of Texas Austin
Austin, TX USA
M. Stanley Whittingham
SUNY Distinguished Professor, Binghamton University (SUNY), Binghamton, NY and Research Professor and Director DOE NECCES EFRC, SUNY Stony Brook
Stony Brook, NY USA
For pioneering research leading to the development of the lithium-ion battery
Sir Richard Blundell, CBE FBA
Ricardo Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, University College London and Research Director at Institute for Fiscal Studies
For microeconometric research on labor markets and consumer behavior
John A. List
Homer J. Livingston Professor of Economics, University of Chicago
Chicago, IL USA
For advancing field experiments in economics
Charles F. Manski
Board of Trustees Professor in Economics, Northwestern University
Evanston, IL USA
For his description of partial identification and economic analysis of social interactions
"Within the scientific research community, literature citations at high-frequency are a form of collegial acknowledgment for breakthrough thinking," said Basil Moftah, president of Thomson Reuters Intellectual Property and Science. "By analyzing these citations in aggregate, we take the pulse of the research world and identify which researchers are blazing the most promising trails and making the most influential discoveries. We applaud this year's inductees into the hall of Citation Laureates and wish them well in their continued efforts to advance the world."
Thomson Reuters invites science enthusiasts to weigh-in with their own Nobel Prize predictions by participating in its "People's Choice" for Nobel Prizes, drawn from the Citation Laureates in contention for the Nobel. Individuals who are interested in taking part can visit StateOfInnovation.com to make their picks.
For detailed information on the methodology of this study, the Citation Laureates, and their fields of research and institutional affiliations, visit Stateofinnovation.com. Follow @TR_ScienceWatch and #CitationLaureate on Twitter for up-to-the-minute news on the predictions and deeper insight into their fields of research.
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